Download e-book for kindle: A Companion to Europe 1900-1945 by Gordon Martel

By Gordon Martel

ISBN-10: 1405106646

ISBN-13: 9781405106641

A better half to Europe 1900-1945 ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ, ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Blackwell Publishing LtdСерия: Blackwell partners to eu historyАвтор(ы): Gordon MartelЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 587ISBN: 978-1-4051-0664-1Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 4,35 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER zero

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Thus, while it might seem relatively easy to construct an image of this period as intrinsically “modern,” a nuanced approach to the intertwined themes of urbanization, poverty, and crime reveals significant incongruities alongside the familiar. NOTES 1 Cited in Andrew Lees, Cities Perceived: Urban Society in European and American Thought, 1820–1940 (Manchester: Manchester University Press), p. 207. 2 Peter Hall, The World Cities (London: Wiedenfeld, 1966), p. 18. 3 Patrick Geddes, Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics (London: Ernest Benn, 1915), p.

Even among those who did not perceive explicit physical or hereditary links between the poor and criminality, distaste for the overcrowded and unsanitary conditions in which many of the poorest still lived meant that the morality of the poor was tainted by association. Richard Jervis, a senior police officer in the north of England, believed that “slums, drunkenness and crime are inseparable. ”16 Neither of these mechanisms for associating the poor with crime (physical and moral deficiency) was new to the twentieth century, but they proved persistent.

The early twentieth century was marked in many European nations by an expanding franchise, by a growth in the power of organized labor, and by a better-educated and more vocal working class. Hence, it became increasingly less easy for social elites to adopt openly repressive policies towards the poor (as had arguably been the case in the nineteenth century). However, it might be contended that the new pseudoscience of criminology helped to enable the continued regulation of the poor. Because early criminology sought the identification of a new type of person – the criminal (as separate from any criminal acts which he/she might commit) – it provided an explanation (and perhaps a justification) for a criminal justice system targeted on a specific section of the population.

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A Companion to Europe 1900-1945 by Gordon Martel


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