By Brad Montgomery-Anderson
The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing approach within the usa. Invented via Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it used to be quickly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy charges as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing method, the Cherokee syllabary, is absolutely defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and simply entire released grammar of the Cherokee language.
even supposing the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken by means of the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee country and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it presents the grammatical starting place upon which the entire dialects are established. In his advent, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson deals a short account of Cherokee historical past and language revitalization projects, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The publication then delves into an evidence of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, components of speech, and syntax.
whereas the ebook is meant as a reference grammar for knowledgeable students, Montgomery-Anderson offers the knowledge in available levels, relocating from more uncomplicated examples to extra advanced linguistic buildings. Examples are taken from a number of resources, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of assorted textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the quantity additionally contains 3 appendices: a word list keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a suite of literary texts: conventional tales and a historic account of a seek get together touring up the Arkansas River.
The Cherokee country, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the biggest in Oklahoma, in addition to the United Keetoowah Band and the jap band of Cherokees, have quite a few those that communicate their local language. Like different tribes, they've got obvious a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, really one of the younger, yet they've got spoke back with bold courses for keeping and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function an important source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee background, language, and tradition all alone terms.
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Extra info for A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee
Words that are given in their stem form will be only written using the Romanized script as they often cannot be written in the syllabary; moreover, the use of the syllabary to write these never-occurring forms would doubtless look bizarre to a literate speaker. In such instances a dash will appear at the beginning and/or end of the stem to indicate an element is needed in that position to produce a natural form. The usage of natural forms, both in dictionaries and grammars, obscures the root of the word and makes it difficult to see many of the grammatical and phonological processes that come together to create a natural sounding Cherokee word.
In the discussion of pronominal prefixes he introduces the terms subjective and objective, but does not make a distinction between which verbs take which prefix. He does, however, go into great detail on the morphophonemic rules that apply for the various prefix/stem combinations. He also uses the large number chart of prefixes and refers to these prefixes by their numbers. In the last chapter he discusses syntax, referring especially to Fillmore’s Case Grammar. During this discussion he does point out, intriguingly, that the terms ‘active’ and ‘stative’ that are used for Dakota also seem to apply to Cherokee.
Obstruents are sounds where the airflow is totally obstructed (stops and affricates) or partially obstructed (fricatives). Sonorants are sounds produced with very little obstruction and include liquids, glides, and nasals. Aspiration is an important and pervasive feature of the Cherokee sound system. g. the beginning of a syllable). This English aspiration occurs on the phonetic level; that is, it happens automatically in certain situations and therefore goes unperceived by speakers. A change in meaning never hinges on aspiration.
A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee by Brad Montgomery-Anderson