By Ram Prasad
Fungal nanobiotechnology has emerged as one of many key applied sciences, and an green, as a resource of foodstuff and harnessed to ferment and shield meals and drinks, in addition to purposes in human healthiness (antibiotics, anti-cholesterol statins, and immunosuppressive agents), whereas has used fungi for large-scale construction of enzymes, acids, biosurfactants, and to control fungal sickness in vegetation and pest keep an eye on. With the harnessing of nanotechnology, fungi have grown more and more very important through delivering a greener substitute to chemically synthesized nanoparticles.
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Additional info for Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology
Because of the unsatisfactory researches that include both the activity of microorganisms and nanotechnology for solving the problems that mentioned above is the main reason for focusing recently more on fungal approaches in nanobiotechnology. Fungi have a number of advantages for green synthesis of nanoparticles compared with other organisms, particularly for their easy isolation and ability of extracellular enzyme secretion (Singh et al. 2014; Prasad et al. 2015). Also, many of the proteins that secreted by fungi can transform metal ions rapidly with non-hazardous processes.
1). This technology provides great opportunities by changing the signiﬁcant properties of materials when they are in nano size. Because, when the dimension of a material is getting closer to nanometer, quantum physics becomes to play an important role instead of conventional laws of physics. This situation brings different and unique properties to the material. In other words, nanoscience helps us understand these new behaviours that emerge in nanometer size due to quantum theories. Thus, nanotechnology lets us to design and synthesize nanostructures and provides us to use these extraordinary properties in order to generate new material forms and new application areas such as medicine, environment, green technological methods, pharmacology, electronics etc.
The authors stated that the extract containing proteins could act as the reducing and capping agents, and the NPs with antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus could be obtained. Both Devika et al. (2012) and Yehia and Al-Sheikh (2014) demonstrated that P. ostreatus extract reduced silver nitrate solutions and produced AgNPs with the diameter of about 50 and 450 nm, respectively. These NPs were stable due to capping by proteins. The AgNPs exhibited antimicrobial activity against various pathogenic microorganisms.
Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology by Ram Prasad