By United Nations
The targets of the research are to map and examine present exchange agreements within the quarter and their product assurance, rather agricultural items, in addition to linked tariff and non-tariff limitations and to derive implications and proposals and guidance for alternate coverage negotiations. It comprises either quantitative and qualitative analyses of liberalization efforts within the zone of agricultural exchange, which came about in parallel to negotiations on agricultural exchange liberalization within the context of Doha improvement schedule. It offers an up to date, trustworthy account of preferential alternate in Asia with appreciate to agriculture. The examine additionally includes a overview of agricultural reform in China.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade
This is a result of combined working of the following forces: (a) Multilateral trade negotiation of the Uruguay Round and accession to WTO; (b) Preferential trade liberalization; (c) Unilateral trade liberalization efforts that many economies in the region have followed since the early 1990s. Table 3. 4 2 Indonesia 2 Iran, Islamic Rep. 7 4 Korea, Rep. T. xls). a All tariff rates are based on unweighted averages for all goods in ad valorem rates, applied rates or MFN rates whichever data is available for a longer period.
Feridhanusetyawan (2005, p. 17) describes how, in the Singapore-United States FTA (which follows the “negative list approach”), the United States kept tariffs on about 8 per cent of products during the transition period of eight years while Singapore eliminated all tariffs immediately, binding them to zero. In the Singapore-Japan FTA (which follows a positive list approach), Singapore again reduced all tariffs to zero immediately while Japan committed to eliminating its tariffs gradually over a 10-year period.
B Non-originating materials shall be considered to be sufficiently worked or processed when the product obtained is classified in a heading, at the four-digit level, of the HCDCS, different from those in which all the non-originating materials used in its manufacture are classified. b. price Where M = imported non-originating materials, parts or produce; and O = undetermined origin materials, parts or produce (65 per cent for LDC). Rule 8(a) (i) The final product is classified in a heading at the four-digit level of the HCDCS differently from those in which all the non-originating materials used in its manufacture are classified.
Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade by United Nations